Crop insurance: Payout ratio jumps after Centre’s prodding – Financial Express – 14th October 2018

Steps taken by the Centre to improve fiduciary compliance by insurers and close-fisted state
governments under its flagship crop insurance scheme seem to be paying off. From an abysmally low 5%
in May and 60% in mid-July, the payout ratio (claims paid versus those made by farmers) under the
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) for kharif-2017 rose to an impressive 96% last week.
According to official data reviewed by FE, state-run and private-sector insurers paid Rs 15,181 crore to
farmers for kharif 2017 crop losses by October 8, against estimated claims of Rs 15,896 crore.
This compared well with the payout ratio of over 99% for the previous summer crop (payment of `10,425
crore against claims of `10,505 crore). The ratio was 91% for Rabi 2016 crop (`5,465 crore paid against
`5,992 claimed).
What has resulted in a sudden improvement in compliance by insurance companies and encouraged state
governments to pay their shares of premiums is the Centre’s decision to virtually fine them for lapses.
As per new rules under PMFBY, the farmers need to be paid 12% interest by insurance companies for any
delay in settlement of claims beyond two months of the prescribed cut-off date, while states will have to
pay 12% interest for the delay in release of their share of premium beyond three months. This penalty
provisions came into effect from October 1 and will be applicable for all seasons in the future. “We have
been making changes as required to ensure the benefits to farmers and the
committee’s recommendations will be implemented immediately,” an official said.
The funding of PMFBY is being done largely by the government. While farmers pay around a fifth of the
premium, the balance amount is paid by the Centre and state government concerned. As per official data,
the farmers’ share in the gross premium was 18% in kharif 2016, which fell to 16% in kharif 2017.
However, for Rabi 2016 season, the farmers’ share in the gross premium was about 22%. Pertinently, the
claims ratio — claims against premium —which was a feasible 65% for kharif 2016 rose to a worrisome
83% for kharif 2017. For Rabi 2016 crop, this ratio was an unworkable 101%.

The Centre is considering a number of steps to achieve “rationalisation” of actuarial premium rates
charged by the insurance companies, officials said. “States have already done clustering of areas and
districts according to the risk factor to moderate the premium rate,” the official quoted earlier said.
Insurance companies will also get an upfront payment of the government’s share of the premium, which
will be 40% of the corresponding previous season.

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